M. Reza Fariborz Hamzeh’ee Encyclopedia Iranica

 M. Reza Fariborz Hamzeh’ee Encyclopedia Iranica

 M. Reza Fariborz Hamzeh’ee Encyclopedia Iranica

“Iranica” is the most important Encyclopedia concerning the history and culture of the Iranian world; edited by Ehsan Yarshater. The accomplishment of this important work has taken more than half century. The majorities of the inhabitants of the Zagros regions speak or spoke languages that are considered to belong to the Iranian branch of Indo-European language family. For that sake Encyclopedia Iranica is one the main sources about the history and culture of different inhabitants of Zagros regions from Persian Gulf to Mediterranean Sea

The Encyclopedia Iranica

 Encyclopedia Iranica Fariborz Hamzeh’ee articles

Initiation Rituals among the Ahl-e Haqq or Yaresan

The initiation ritual is one of the most important institutions in the tradition of Ahl-e Ḥaqq. It is performed by all its eleven branches, or ḵāndans, and is supported by a religious legend, according to which even God himself went through this ritual. Although all the rituals among the branches are structurally similar, there exist some minor differences in their performances, recitation of the prayers as well as the mentioning of the names of religious personalities.

For example, after the epoch of Solṭān Ṣohāk, each branch has its own particular theophanies, whose names will be mentioned only by the concerned branch, not by others. The following is a detailed version of the ritual performed by the Ātaš Bagi branch. The terms used by this institution are: jawz-e sar šekānen (lit.: breaking a nutmeg [as a symbol] of   the head) and sometimes sar sepārden (lit.: offering or surrendering one’s own head) in Kurdish…

 M. Reza Fariborz Hamzeh’ee, “AHL-E ḤAQQ ii. INITIATION RITUAL,” Encyclopaedia Iranica, online edition, 2016

The Jam Rituals among the Ahl-e Haqq or Yaresan

JAM, name given to a religious ceremony performed among two important religious communities living traditionally in the same historical region on the Zagros Mountain chain, which for a long time has been located in the core of several Mesopotamian and Iranian civilizations. Today, the same region is within the national borders of Iran, Iraq and Turkey. This term, according to Nur-ʿAli Elāhi (p. 27), is the Arabic word jamʿ (gathering, assembly), which is pronounced by the non-Arabs of the region without its last letter “ʿayn,” thus sounding exactly like Persian jam, the name of a king in Iranian mythology …

 M. Reza Fariborz Hamzeh’ee, JAM” Encyclopaedia Iranica, Originally Published: December 15, 2008

(Encyclopedia Iranica (Lak tribe)

LAK (or Lakk), an ethnic term used for a large number of people residing in a vast part of present-day Iran.  The original meaning of the word in Persian, “hundred thousands,”  apparently refers to the original number of families that constituted a nomadic tribal confederation (Širvāni, p. 522; Marduḵ, I, p. 109) …
M. Reza [Faribors] Hamzeh’ee, “LAK TRIBE,” Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition, 2015


JĀF, designation of a once large Kurdish nomadic confederation living in south Iraqi Kurdistan and in the Sanandaj area of Iranian Kurdistan. The former used to be called Morādi, because they had helped the Ottoman Sultan Morād IV to capture Baghdad in about 1638 (Nikitine, p. 171, tr. p. 369). The latter is known as Javānrudi after the main area of   their concentration…
.(M. Reza Fariborz Hamzeh’ee Encyclopedia Iranica “JAF” Originally Published: December 15, 2008 Last Updated: April 5, 2012

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